HANA FUDA
(Japanese Flower Cards)

Hana Fuda Game is a Japanese card game Called "Hana" played with twelve suits of seasonal flowers or plants cards representing twelve months:

The following is the most interesting exciting and popular way of playing in Hawaii called "Higo Bana".

Players:
Two to seven may play, but the best game is for 2 to 4. Four and six may also play in partnerships; two against two as partners. or six in two partnerships of three. Partners are seated alternately.

Cards:
The pack of 48 cards. 12 different suits (4 of a kind). Each suit consists of two point-cards and two nonpoint-cards except Willow or November suit cards which has three point-cards and one nonpoint-card. Nonpoint-cards are called "Kasu". They are value-less in points but important because they can capture cards with point in the same suit.

Name of the Cards:
January suit cards: Matsu (Pine)
February suit cards: Ume (Plum)
March suit cards: Sakura (Cherry Blossom)
April suit cards: Fuji (Wisteria) or Kuromame (Black Beans
May suit cards: Ayame (Iris) or Kusa (Grass)
June stat cards: Botan (Peony)
July suit cards: Hagi (Clover) or Akamame (Red Beans)
August suit cards: Susuki (Pampus) or Bozu (Bald Head)
September suit cards: Kiku (Chrysanthemum)
October suit cards: Momiji (Maple) or Shika (Deer)
November suit cards: Yanagi (Willow) or Ame (Rain!)
December suit cards: Kiri (Paulownia) or Chicken

Gaji:
Gaji is the nonpoint-card of November or Willow suit cards. It has no value in points but car: be used like a joker in English cards and may take any of the card in the desk. When a player uses Gaji and takes any card of a suit, the remaining odd card too will be his.

Dealing:
To decide ""Oya"" (Dealer), the player who cuts the higher or highest point-card become the dealer. After a shuffle and cut, the dealer distributes the cards. face down any number of cards at a time to each player at his left until each player has received right amount of cards.

2 players: 8 cards to each player, 8 cards face up on the table.
3 players: 7 cards to each player, 6 cards face up on the table.
4 players: 5 cards to each player, 8 cards face up on the table.
5 players: 4 cards to each player, 8 cards face up on the table.
6 players: 3 cards to each player, 12 cards face up on the table.
7 players: 3 cards to each player, 6 cards face up on the table.

The dealer places the undealt remainder of the deck face down in the center of the table as the stock. The stock can be cut by any nondealer, if he wants to. In case the dealer accidentally exposed a card or cards on the table while dealing, the exposed card or cards can be transferred for table cards.

Object of Play:
To defeat or out skill your opponent by accumulating more points than him.

The Play:
The dealer takes out from his hand one matching card to the one on the table and matching is done with any of the same suit card .And open a stock card and match. If no matching card, leave the card on the table. If he has no matching card in his hand, he has to discard one and may open the stock and match. The player places his own point-cards only has taken, face up on the table in front of him so that the cards can be seen from opponent's side, too. The play ends when the last player's card and stock are exhausted.

Exception:   When play the stock cards will not be exhausted, although the hand cards are all out.

Hiki:
An entire suite (4 cards) are showing whether player has part of the suit in his hand and parts showing on the table; he will be forced to announce this, if anyone attempts to take any one of this suite with Gaji. If the entire suite is on the table, the dealer has a privilege to take the whole suit.

Scoring:
At the end of play, each adds the value of all cards he has taken. The total score is 240 points.

Oya Gachi:
If points tie between dealer and nondealers, the dealer wins. If tie among nondealers, the nearest had to the dealer at his left wins.

Yaku:
The Yakus are combination of three cards. There are eight sets in entire game. Game can be played disregarding the Yaku, but more thrill and skill will be experienced with Yaku game. Yaku is similar to a bones. 50 points are deducted from the opponent's score for each Yaku, if player managed to obtain any one of these 8 sets:2 Yakus for 100 points; 3 Yakus 150 points, etc.

The Yakus are:
Yaku
with 20-points cards
Set # 1
20 points Susuki (Pampus) of August suit
20 points Sakura (Cherry Blossom) of March suit
5 points Kiku (Chrysanthemum) of September suit
Set # 2
20 points Sakura (Cherry Blossom) of March suit
20 points Matsu (Pine) of January suit
5 points Ume (Plum) of February suit
Yaku
with 10-point cards
Set #3
10 points Ume (Plum) of February suit
10 points Matsu (Pine) of January suit
10 points Sakura (Cherry Blossom) of March suit
Set #4
10 points Kiku (Chrysanthemum) of September suit
10 points Momiji (Maple) of October suit
10 points Botan (Peony) of June suit
Set # 5
10 points Hagi (Clover) of July suit
10-points Fuji (Wisteria) of April suit
10 points Ayame (Iris) of May suit
Yaku
with 5 point cards
Set # 6
5-points Kiku (Chrysanthemum) of September suit
5 points Momiji (Maple) on October suit
5 points Botan (Peony) of June suit
Set #7
5 points Hagi (Clover) of July suit
5 points Fuji (Wisteria) of April suit
5 points Ayame (Iris) of May suit
Set #8
5 points Momiji (Maple) of October suit
5 points Hagi (Clover) of July suit
5 points Susuki (Pampus) of August suit

Note how important the following cards are because they take dual roles in Yaku game:
20 points - Sakura (Cherry Blossom)
5 points - Kiku (Chrysanthemum)
5 points - Momiji (Maple)
5 points - Hagi Basa. (Clover)

Winner takes double games, if his points exceed 100 or more over his opponent's total score after any deductions are made for Yaku. Shira Basa Winner takes double games also when his points exceed 100 or more over his opponent's score even if the Yaku is not made. Chu similar to Basa except instead of exceeding 100 or more points over the opponent's total score, the winner exceed 50 points. Chu is used in the game to make it more exciting and help players to raise their points more quickly.

Oibana:  A process of eliminating players till there are only two players left to play the game. Eight cards are dealt face down to each player, then the eldest hand begins to bid (similar to the bidding process in Trump). The two highest bidders are left in the game and the rest are forced out of the game automatically. These two players keep the cards they had received and cards from the other players are put together and shuffled and expose eight cards on the table the rest cards for the stock. The winner receives the amount of points he had did. If the player wins with a Basa, he gets double the amount of points he had did.